Taal volcano in the Philippines erupts in steam-driven event

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Taal Volcano

12th April 2024 – (Manila) A steam-driven eruption occurred at the Taal main crater in the early hours of Friday morning, sending a white steam-laden plume 2,400 meters into the sky, as reported by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. The eruption, classified as phreatic, was driven by the continuous emission of hot volcanic gases at the crater. However, authorities believe that it is unlikely to escalate into a magmatic eruption.

The eruption, which took place between 5.11am and 5.24am local time, was detected through seismic, visual, and infrasound monitoring. The institute cautioned that similar phreatic activity could follow the initial eruption due to the ongoing emission of volcanic gases.

Despite the eruption, the institute stated that the levels of volcanic earthquake activity and ground deformation at Taal indicate that a magmatic eruption is not currently expected. However, the volcano remains under alert level 1, denoting an abnormal condition. Surrounding areas face potential risks, including sudden steam-driven or phreatic explosions, volcanic earthquakes, minor ashfall, and the accumulation or expulsion of volcanic gas.

In light of the volcanic activity, pilots have been advised to steer clear of the volcano to avoid hazards posed by airborne ash and ballistic fragments resulting from sudden explosions or the remobilization of ash by wind.

Taal Volcano, situated 66 kilometres south of Manila, is known as one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines. Its last significant eruption occurred in January 2020, displacing nearly 380,000 residents and causing extensive damage to farms, houses, and infrastructure in the region. Given its location within the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” the Philippines experiences frequent seismic and volcanic events.