New names introduced for tropical cyclones in 2024

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6th June 2024 – (Hong Kong) Nine new names have been introduced for tropical cyclones in the western North Pacific and the South China Sea in 2024. These names will replace the previous ones used for these weather phenomena. The decision to introduce these new names was made at the 56th session of the Typhoon Committee, a body under the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, as well as the World Meteorological Organisation.

The nine new names for tropical cyclones and their corresponding meanings, along with the contributing countries/regions, are as follows:

  1. Jamjari: Meaning “A dragonfly,” contributed by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
  2. Tsing-ma: Signifying a landmark bridge connecting the airport and urban areas in Hong Kong, contributed by Hong Kong, China.
  3. Tokei: Representing “Horologium; clock,” contributed by Japan.
  4. Ong-mang: Derived from the name of the animal “Eld’s Deer,” listed as a rare and endangered species, contributed by Lao PDR.
  5. Amuyao: Referring to a mountain in Mountain Province, the Philippines, contributed by the Philippines.
  6. Gosari: Symbolizing “Bracken,” contributed by the Republic of Korea.
  7. Hodu: Representing “Walnut,” contributed by the Republic of Korea.
  8. Sarbul: Indicating “Monsoon/Rainy Season,” contributed by Micronesia.
  9. Luc-Binh: Referring to an aquatic plant with purple flowers that bloom all year, scientifically known as Eichhoriaceae crassipes solms, contributed by Vietnam.

These new names aim to embrace cultural diversity and provide a more inclusive representation of the regions affected by tropical cyclones.

The Typhoon Committee adheres to a convention where the name of a tropical cyclone may be retired if it has caused significant casualties and economic losses. Several previous cyclones have met these criteria. For instance, Severe Tropical Storm Conson struck the Philippines in early September 2021, resulting in 20 deaths, 33 injuries, and four people reported missing. Approximately 9,000 buildings were also damaged during its impact. Typhoon Kompasu, in October 2021, caused 43 deaths, five injuries, and 16 missing individuals, while over 500,000 people were evacuated. December 2021 witnessed the first super typhoon over the South China Sea since 1961, named Super Typhoon Rai, which led to 406 deaths, 65 missing individuals, and more than 1,200 injuries in the Philippines. The economic loss exceeded 33.2 billion PHP.

Other cyclones, such as Tropical Storm Megi in April 2022, resulted in 214 deaths, 132 missing individuals, and affected over 2 million people due to torrential rain, flooding, and landslides in the Philippines. Typhoon Ma-on, which struck the Philippines in late August 2022, caused three deaths and four injuries. Super Typhoon Hinnamnor, the most intense cyclone in the western North Pacific and the South China Sea in 2022, led to 11 deaths, one person reported missing, and over 5,000 damaged houses in the Republic of Korea. The economic loss exceeded 244 billion KRW. Super Typhoon Noru, which hit the Philippines in September 2022, resulted in 12 deaths, 68 injuries, and five missing individuals. Furthermore, Severe Tropical Storm Nalgae, in late October 2022, caused 164 deaths, 270 injuries, and 28 missing individuals, affecting over 2 million people in the Philippines. The economic loss exceeded 13.1 billion PHP. Additionally, the name “Malakas” was retired due to its inappropriate meaning in other languages.