HIV infections reach 11,943 in Hong Kong as 113 new cases reported in Q3 2023

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7th December 2023 – (Hong Kong) The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) revealed that a total of 113 cases of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection were reported in the third quarter of 2023. This brings the cumulative total of HIV infections reported locally to 11,943 since 1984.

Of the 113 new cases, 92 were males and 21 were females. Among these cases, 52 (46.0 per cent) were transmitted via homosexual or bisexual contact, 29 (25.7 per cent) via heterosexual contact, one (0.9 per cent) via injecting drug use, and one (0.9 per cent) via mother-to-child transmission. The routes of transmission for the remaining 30 cases are yet to be determined due to incomplete information.

The sources reporting the new cases were primarily public hospitals, clinics, and laboratories (61 cases), private hospitals, clinics, and laboratories (21 cases), and the Social Hygiene Clinics under the DH (13 cases). Additionally, 71 of the 113 newly reported HIV-infected individuals have already received HIV specialist services at the DH or the Hospital Authority.

In terms of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), 28 new cases were reported in the same quarter. Of these, 12 cases (42.9 per cent) were attributed to homosexual or bisexual contact, and 13 cases (46.4 per cent) were related to heterosexual contact. The route of transmission for the remaining three cases has yet to be determined due to incomplete information. Pneumocystis pneumonia continued to be the most common AIDS-defining illness in this quarter. Since 1985, a cumulative total of 2,469 confirmed AIDS cases have been reported in Hong Kong.

In response to the latest HIV/AIDS situation in Hong Kong, a CHP spokesperson emphasized the importance of consistent and proper condom use to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV, citing sexual transmission as the major mode of transmission. The spokesperson also highlighted the potential transmission of HIV from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding, stressing the importance of early detection and intervention to mitigate the risk of mother-to-child transmission.