Fed officials signal interest rates to remain high

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Michael Barr

21st May 2024 – (Washington) Senior officials at the U.S. Federal Reserve have indicated that interest rates will need to be maintained at their current elevated levels for a longer period than initially anticipated, reflecting persistent inflationary pressures. This stance comes despite previous hopes to reduce rates, as inflation continues to exceed the Fed’s target.

Speaking at a conference in Florida on Monday, Michael Barr, the Fed’s Vice Chair for Supervision, emphasised that although there has been “tremendous progress” in reducing inflation from its peak last year, the rate of consumer price increases has accelerated in the early months of this year. “We are not yet all the way to our target of two per cent,” Barr noted, expressing his disappointment at the recent inflation data which has not bolstered confidence in easing monetary policy.

The Federal Reserve has kept interest rates at a 23-year high in its ongoing effort to curb inflation to a sustainable two per cent target. However, the persistence of inflationary pressures suggests a challenging path ahead. Barr stressed the need for continued restrictive monetary policy to achieve desired economic outcomes.

Echoing Barr’s cautious stance, Philip Jefferson, another key Fed Vice Chair, also remarked on the slow pace of inflation reduction during his address at a New York conference. “Inflation is still coming down, although nowhere near as quickly as I would have liked,” Jefferson said. He highlighted the importance of carefully assessing incoming data and the evolving economic outlook in determining the future stance of monetary policy.

These comments from high-ranking Fed officials suggest a consensus towards a conservative approach, likely leading to unchanged interest rates in the upcoming Federal Reserve meeting next month. This approach aligns with Fed Chair Jerome Powell’s earlier remarks about the necessity of patience in allowing restrictive policies to temper inflation effectively.