10th May 2020 – (Beijing) China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has published an article on COVID-19 on Saturday, rebutting false claims from the U.S. on ties between COVID-19 and China by listing 24 lies and facts. Excerpt of the full article is as below:
Recently, some politicians and media in the United States have made up all kinds of unbelievable lies in order to divert the domestic response to the COVID-19 epidemic. But, as Abraham Lincoln said: “You can fool all the people some of the time, and some of the people all the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time.” Lies stop at the truth, and we speak with facts. From now on, as long as new lies appear, we will continue to tell the world the truth.
Lie 1: The novel coronavirus is a “Chinese virus” or “Wuhan virus”.
Facts: WHO stipulates that virus naming should not be associated with specific countries or localities.
Based on a profound reflection on the lessons learned from the naming of epidemic diseases in history, especially the huge negative impact of the naming of the “Middle East Respiratory Syndrome” in 2012, 8th May, 2015, WHO, OIE and UN Food and Agriculture The organization jointly developed the “Virus Naming Best Practice Principles”, which clearly stipulates that geographic location, personal names, animals or food populations, culture, population, industry or occupations (such as legions) and terms that can incite excessive panic should be avoided in disease names.
According to the 2015 virus naming guidelines and world public health practice, WHO announced on 11th February, 2020 that the new coronavirus-infected pneumonia was officially named “2019 coronavirus disease” (COVID-19).
The British journal Nature published three editorials in April, apologizing for erroneously linking the new coronavirus to Wuhan and China, and calling for an immediate end to the stigmatisation of the new coronavirus to avoid irresponsible behaviours that associate the virus with specific locations.
The New York Times, the American Broadcasting Corporation, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and other mainstream Western media reported that Asian Americans faced serious xenophobia and were repeatedly harassed and attacked by racial discrimination due to the improper association of Asian groups with the COVID-19.
Lie 2: Wuhan is the source of the virus.
Facts: The first outbreak was reported in Wuhan but it did not mean that it was the source of the virus. The source of the new coronavirus has not yet been determined. Virus tracing is a serious scientific problem, and it must be based on science and studied by scientists and medical experts. In the history, the original case was often reported from a place other than the source of the virus. For example, cases of HIV infection were initially reported by the United States, but the origin may not be the United States, there is increasing evidence that the Spanish flu did not actually start in Spain. Virus tracing is a scientific problem, the main purpose is to prevent the recurrence of similar epidemics to cause harm to human society. At present, scientists from all over the world are conducting research on the source of the virus, and have put forward many academic views on the source of the new coronavirus. Chinese scientists are also seriously carrying out relevant research to provide a scientific basis for finding the origin of the new coronavirus as soon as possible and doing targeted prevention and control.
On 24th January, the authoritative British medical journal “The Lancet” published an article co-authored by medical experts in China. The study retrospectively analysed the first batch of 41 confirmed cases of new coronavirus infections admitted to Wuhan from 16h December, 2019 to 2nd January, 2020. The results showed that of the first 41 confirmed cases, 27 had been to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market and 14 had no history of exposure to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market. The onset date of the first confirmed patient was 1st December, 2019, and none of his family members showed fever or any respiratory symptoms. The patient had no history of exposure to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, and no epidemiological links were found between subsequent cases.
Viruses are the common enemy of all mankind and may appear at any time and anywhere. The epidemic is a natural disaster, not a human disaster. The origin of the virus and the epidemic is also the victim, not the perpetrator. It is unfair and unacceptable to blame China and Wuhan as the origin of COVID-19.
On 1st May, Michael Ryan, the head of the WHO’s Health Emergency Program, said that the investigation of the source of the virus needs to be “science-centric” and let scientists lead. WHO has not received any data or specific evidence from the US government regarding the origin of the new coronavirus.
Mayor Michael Melham of Belleville, New Jersey, said that he had been infected with the new coronavirus in November 2019, and the test results also showed that he already has the new coronavirus antibody, which is the first case of the new coronavirus reported on 20th January in the United States. The confirmed case was more than 2 months early.
On May 6th, “USA Today” reported that 171 patients with new coronary pneumonia in Florida in the United States had related symptoms as early as January this year, and no one had any travel experience in China. This shows that there were cases that appeared a few months earlier.
On 3rd May, the medical journal “International Journal of Antibacterial Agents” published a paper entitled “SARS-CoV-2 was already spreading in France in late December 2019”. The researchers selected 14 cases of influenza disease (ILI) intensive care unit from 2nd December, 2019 to 16th January, 2020, and re-tested the new coronavirus nucleic acid from 6th to 9th April. The samples were positive. The case was not related to China, and there was no history of foreign travel before the onset, indicating that the new coronavirus has spread in France at the end of December 2019.
Lie 3: The new coronavirus is made by Wuhan Institute of Virology.
Facts: All the existing evidence shows that the new coronavirus originates from nature rather than artificially.
On 30th January, the British authoritative medical journal “The Lancet” published an article by a research team from the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. It was pointed out that the conclusion was drawn through re-genetic analysis of 10 2019-nCoV genome sequences of 9 diagnosed patients in Wuhan, China. Neocoronavirus is a new type of human infectious coronavirus. Compared with SARS coronavirus and MERS coronavirus, the new coronavirus is closely related to two bat-derived severe acute respiratory syndrome-like coronaviruses. This suggests that bats may be the original host of this virus.
Twenty-seven internationally renowned medical experts from eight different countries issued a joint statement in the Lancet on 19th February, stating that researchers from all over the world have analyzed the whole genome of the new coronavirus and published the results publicly. These results have proved overwhelmingly that the virus, like many other new pathogens, comes from wild animals.
Five well-known scholars from the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia wrote in “Naturemedicine” on 17th March that there is no evidence that the new coronavirus was made in the laboratory or otherwise designed.
On 26th March, Collins, president of the National Institutes of Health, published a blog post stating that the virus was naturally produced. The researchers found that the new coronavirus does not have the main structure of the virus used before, so it is not created by humans. It may be a combination of a bat virus and another pangolin-borne virus. Therefore, the new coronavirus is not a laboratory operation product.
A spokesman for the World Health Organization, Fadela Chaib, told a press conference on 21st April that all the existing evidence indicated that the new coronavirus originated from animals, and was not transformed or created from laboratories or elsewhere. The virus is likely to gain momentum in bats, but how to spread it from bats to humans remains to be discovered.
On 30th April, the official website of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence of the United States issued a statement saying that the US intelligence community agreed with the broad consensus in the scientific community that the new coronavirus was not artificial or genetically modified.
On 1st May, Michael Ryan, the head of the WHO Health Emergency Program, said that many scientists have studied the gene sequence of the new coronavirus and are convinced that the new coronavirus is from nature.
The World Health Organization representative in China, Dr. Galea, said on 5th May that all the available evidence so far shows that the virus originated from animals in nature and was not artificially manufactured or synthesized. Many researchers have studied the genomic characteristics of the virus and found that the evidence does not support the claim that the virus originated in the laboratory.
The French news weekly “Modern Value” quoted French intelligence agencies as saying that it is absolutely certain that the new coronavirus was not leaked from Wuhan P4 laboratory.
Lie 4: The outbreak of the new coronary pneumonia was caused by an accidental leak from Wuhan Virus Research Institute.
Facts: The P4 laboratory of the Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV) is a Sino-French government cooperation project. The institute does not have the ability to design and manufacture new coronaviruses, and there is no evidence that the institute has experienced pathogen leakage or personnel infection.
WIV strictly follows international standards from design, construction to management, and has strict protective facilities and measures. All laboratory personnel must pass the assessment to obtain qualifications. The first batch of experimental personnel was trained in P4 laboratories in France and the United States. Laboratory facilities and equipment are tested annually by a third-party organisation recognized by the state, and can continue to operate only after acceptance.
WIV has always insisted on the timely and public sharing of scientific research information, including data sharing, publishing papers, participating in conferences, and scientific communication. In the past year, WIV has received more than 70 foreign scholars from all over the world. As one of the dozens of P4 laboratories of the same grade in operation around the world, WIV has always adhered to the international development, upholding the principles of openness and transparency to domestic and foreign countries, and actively and pragmatically conduct cooperation and exchanges with countries around the world. The information-sharing platform “2019 New Crown Virus Information Database” set up by the WIV has so far been accessed more than 600,000 times and downloaded more than 21 million times.
The high-level biosafety laboratory of WIV has been in a safe and stable operation state. On 27th December, 2019, the local government of China received the epidemic report for the first time. Before receiving the first batch of test samples of patients with new coronavirus on 30th December, there was no new coronavirus in the laboratory of WIV. As of now, no one in the institute has contracted COVID-19
In mid-April, the French President ’s Office stated that there was no evidence to suggest a relationship between the P4 laboratory of WIV and the new coronary pneumonia epidemic.
Recently, the NPR in US posted on its website that according to the analysis report of many top virus researchers in the United States, it is almost impossible that the new coronavirus is caused by a laboratory accident from China or anywhere, but in the same way as other coronaviruses.
In an interview with CNN on 26th April, the President of EcoHealth Alliance and virus expert, Dr. Peter Daszak, who has been working with WIV for 15 years, said in an interview with CNN that WIV has not yet had an outbreak of COVID-19, we found only the close relatives of the virus, rather than its own, so it is impossible for the virus to originate from the Wuhan laboratory.
The National Geographic magazine published an article on 4th May interviewing ANTHONY “TONY” FAUCI, director of the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, quoted Fauci as saying that the existing evidence showed that the new coronavirus did not come from a Chinese laboratory. By observing the evolution of the virus in the bat body and synthesizing the current situation, it is shown that the virus cannot be artificial or intentionally made. They are mutated in nature and then across species. Based on the above, he does not support the claim that the virus source came from nature but leaked from a Chinese laboratory.
According to SKY NEWS, the British Health Minister Matt Hancock said in an interview on 6th May that there is no evidence that this (new coronavirus) is an artificial coronavirus. We have not seen any evidence of this virus and Wuhan laboratory connection.
On 24th April, the US National Institutes of Health announced the termination of the “Bat Coronavirus Risks” cooperative research project carried out by the non-profit organization Ecological Health Alliance and the WIV, and all funds were returned. Earlier, at a press conference on 17th April, President Trump requested the cancellation of all project funds provided to the WIV on the grounds of virus “laboratory leaks” seven days after the National Institutes of Health made the announcement. This move has caused widespread doubt and criticism from the American scientific community.
Gerald Kush, deputy director of the National Laboratory for New Infectious Diseases at Boston University, and Dennis Carroll, head of the Global Virus Genome Project, pointed out that this move set a terrible precedent and is the worst practice of political intervention in science. The Trump government has damaged a truly important scientific research for the sake of cheap political benefits.
Lie 5: China could have controlled the virus in Wuhan, but it allowed a large number of Chinese to take the opportunity to travel to Milan, New York and other places to spread the virus to the world.
Facts: China takes the strictest prevention and control measures in the shortest time, and mainly controls the epidemic in Wuhan. Statistics show that there are very few cases exported from China.
The Chinese government has taken the most comprehensive, strict and thorough prevention and control measures in time to effectively cut off the virus transmission chain. “Science” magazine research estimates that the above measures have reduced China’s infection by more than 700,000.
On 23rd January, China temporarily closed the border in Wuhan.
From 24th January 24 to 8th April, Wuhan halted commercial flights and trains. It was impossible for Wuhan residents to travel overseas during this period.
On 23rd January, when Wuhan was in lockdown, there was only one publicly confirmed case in the United States. When the United States closed the border to all Chinese citizens and foreigners who had been to China in the past 14 days on 2nd February, the official US statistics confirmed only 8 cases. When the United States declared a national emergency on 13th March, the number of confirmed cases announced in the United States was 1,896.
On April 8th, when China lifted its lockdown measures in Wuhan, 400,000 confirmed cases were announced in the United States. At present, the number of confirmed cases published in the United States has exceeded 1.2 million, and the number of deaths has reached more than 70,000. The number of confirmed cases published in the United States ranged from 1 to 1 million people in less than 100 days.
New York State Governor Andrew Cuomo said that Northeastern University research showed that the state ’s first new coronavirus strain was not from China. The New York Times quoted research by American experts to confirm that the main source of the New York outbreak was not Asia.
Statistics of epidemic situation in several major Canadian provinces show that the virus was introduced into Canada by American travellers. A study by the Pasteur Institute in France found that the source of viral strains spread in France is unknown.
None of the Russian import cases came from China. Australian Department of Health data shows that the proportion of imported cases from Northeast Asia is extremely small. Singapore imported less than 1/10 of the cases from China. The National Institute of Infectious Diseases in Japan stated that the epidemic spread in Japan after March did not originate from China.
Lie 6: The Chinese eat bats which spread the new coronavirus.
Facts: Bats are never Chinese food.
The video of a Chinese female tour guide drinking bat soup circulated on the Internet was recorded in 2016 and uploaded to social media. The video was filmed on a small Pacific island where the tour guide and her team recorded a travel show and tried local bat soup.
Bats are never Chinese food. At the early stage of the epidemic, bats were not sold at the Huanan Seafood Market in Wuhan where viruses were found to spread.
Lie 7: China’s reopening of the wildlife market, it should immediately close all “wet markets”.
Facts: China does not have a so-called “wild animal wet market”. China has introduced legislation to prohibit illegal wildlife hunting and trading. China issued during the Standing Committee of the National People ’s Congress on 24th February, 2020 the “Decisions on the Comprehensive Prohibition of Illegal Wildlife Trade, the Elimination of Abuse of Wild Animals, and the Effective Protection of People ’s Health and Safety. The decision was welcomed by WWF. “WWF welcomes China’s decision as a critical step toward eliminating threats to human health posed by the illegal wildlife trade and securing a future for species threatened by illegal trade for meat, medicinal use and luxury items. Such bans, when strongly enforced, are critical for combating wildlife crime and the risky consumption of wild animals.”
It is illegal to sell wild animals in China. Once found, the perpetrators will be banned and punished by law.
There is no so-called “wild animal wet market” in China. In fact, there is no such thing as a “wet market” in China. People often talk about farmers’ markets and live poultry and seafood markets. This kind of market sells fresh fish, meat, vegetables, seafood and other agricultural and sideline products. There are also a few markets that sell live poultry, which is not essentially different from the fish markets and fruit and vegetable markets in Western countries. This kind of market exists not only in China, but also in many countries, and is closely related to the lives of local people. International law does not restrict the establishment and operation of such markets. It is the above-mentioned traditional farmer’s market that Wuhan reopened.
Studies have shown that the new coronavirus has extremely low homology with known livestock coronavirus. Based on the above scientific judgment and considering that the live poultry and seafood market is closely related to people’s lives, China allows localities to open the live poultry and seafood trading market conditionally on the premise of ensuring good prevention and control. China attaches great importance to the issue of epidemic prevention. To ensure safety, relevant Chinese departments and local governments have adopted a series of very strict measures to strengthen the management of the live poultry and seafood market, streamlined local government responsibilities and traders’ responsibilities and to implement a strict epidemic prevention system for the live poultry and seafood market. Relevant departments will also implement quarantine testing on live poultry and seafood in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Animal Epidemic Prevention Law, and fully implement various animal epidemic prevention and control measures. Considering the epidemic prevention situation in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, the Huanan Seafood Market has not yet been opened.
Lie 8: China initially tried to cover up the epidemic and to delay the timing of its release which caused the epidemic to spread.
Facts: The New COVID-19 is a sudden attack by unknown viruses on humans, and understanding and mastering it requires a process. In an open, transparent, and responsible manner, China immediately released information to the outside world.
On 27th December, 2019, Dr. Zhang Jixian, director of the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of the Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine in Hubei Province, reported the situation of the 3 cases of unexplained pneumonia. This is the first report of suspicious cases by local authorities in China. On the same day, the Wuhan Center for Disease Control conducted an epidemiological investigation and testing of patients.
On 30th December, 2019, the Wuhan Municipal Health and Health Commission issued the document “Emergency Notice on the Report of the Treatment of Unknown Cause Pneumonia” and “Emergency Notice on the Treatment of Unknown Cause Pneumonia”.
On 31st December, 2019, the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission issued the “Circular on the Current Situation of Pneumonia in Our City”. On the same day, China notified the WHO Representative Office in China of information on cases of unexplained pneumonia in Wuhan.
On 3rd January, 2020, China began to report to the WHO, relevant countries including the United States and China ’s Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions timely and proactively.
From 3rd January to 3rd February, China notified the US 30 times of epidemic information and prevention and control measures.
After the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission first publicly notified the pneumonia epidemic on December 31, 2019, China completed virus identification and sequencing on 7th January, 2020, and shared relevant viral gene sequences with the World Health Organization and other countries on 11th January. On 10th January, the WIV, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and other professional institutions initially developed test kits, and stepped up the development of new coronavirus vaccines and effective drugs. On 20th January, the COVID-19 was approved under the management of statutory infectious diseases by the State Health Department. On 24th January, the online direct reporting function of COVID-19 was officially launched. On 3rd January, 2020, China notified the US of the epidemic information, and on 13th March, the United States declared a state of emergency, the US government took 70 days to react. Even if the United States closed the border on 2nd February to all Chinese citizens and foreigners who travelled to China in the past 14 days, by 13th March, the United States had wasted over 40 days. On 1st May, the CDC website released the report that the coronavirus was brought under control in February before it quickly intensified caused by factors such as continuous influx of travellers, large-scale gatherings, the introduction of viruses into high-risk workplaces and densely populated areas, and the limited detection scale have led to recessive transmission and asymptomatic transmission.
Lie 9: In order to conceal the epidemic information, China arrested Dr. Li Wenliang, the “whistleblower”.
Facts : Dr. Li Wenliang is not a “whistleblower” and was not arrested.
All countries have strict regulations on the confirmation of infectious diseases, which is a common practice. The Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases has strict approval procedures and regulations for the reporting, verification and release of infectious diseases. Respiratory specialist Zhang Jixian was the first person to report an epidemic case, and was therefore awarded.
On 30th December, 2019 (3 days after Dr. Zhang Jixian reported suspicious cases, and the day before Wuhan issued the notification), ophthalmologist Dr. Li Wenliang forwarded the message in the WeChat group of classmates that “7 SARS cases were confirmed, and please do not pass it on”. The WeChat screenshot quickly spread on the Internet causing panic.
On 3rd January, 2020, the Wuhan police asked him to go to the police station for questioning and requested him to stop spreading rumours in the form of an admonition. In mid-January, Dr. Li Wenliang, unfortunately, became infected and was diagnosed with COVID-19 on 31st January. He then died of the illness on 7th February after treatment failed. On that day, the National Health and Welfare Committee publicly expressed its condolences for his death. The National Supervisory Commission decided to send an investigation team to Wuhan to investigate Dr. Li Wenliang’s case. On 19th March, the investigation team announced the conclusion of the investigation and held a press conference. On the same day, the Wuhan Municipal Public Security Bureau notified the results of the handling, believed that the case of admonishing Li Wenliang was wrong in applying the law, and decided to revoke the admonishment.
Dr.Li Wenliang was a good doctor and a member of the Communist Party of China and he was not a so-called “anti-establishment figure.” On 5th March, he was awarded the title of “Advanced Individual in the Prevention and Control of New Coronavirus Epidemic in the National Health System”, and was assessed as a martyr on 2nd April. Labeling Dr. Li Wenliang as a “hero” against the system is a great disrespect for Dr. Li and his family, and a very unethical political manipulation.
On 28th April, the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League and the National Youth Federation jointly awarded the 24th “China Youth May Fourth Medal” to commend the outstanding typical and exemplary representatives of young people. Dr. Li Wenliang was posthumously awarded the “China Youth May Fourth Medal”. The “Independent Media Research Institute” investigated in detail how the media unfairly reported Dr. Li Wenliang’s ins and outs, and believed that it was not logical for Western media to use Dr. Li Wenliang’s case as a propaganda that the Chinese government has been concealing the evidence of the epidemic.
Lie 10: China provided information about virus-to-human transmissions too late, which has led to insufficient understanding of the speed and lethality of viral infections in the United States and the world, and failed to make early decisions.
Facts: The information sent by China and WHO is timely and strong, and the US has always been aware of the harmfulness of the virus. Determining that a new type of virus can be passed from person to person requires a scientific and strict demonstration procedure. On 9th January, the Chinese expert team confirmed through the media that the pathogen of the case was initially determined to be a new coronavirus.
On 20th January, the high-level expert group of the National Health and Health Commission informed the media that the new crown virus can be passed from person to person. No confirmed cases were reported in the United States that day. On 23rd January, Wuhan’s lockdown sent a strong warning message to the world in a shocking manner. Only one case was reported in the United States that day.
On 22nd January, the WHO website warned that the new coronary pneumonia virus may have a human-to-human risk. On the 27th, WHO changed the global risk of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic from medium to high, indicating that the epidemic posed a very high risk to China and a high risk to the region. On 30th January, the WHO Emergency Committee convened a meeting and announced that the epidemic constituted an international public health emergency.
The United States was the first country to evacuate its consulates from Wuhan and the first country to declare comprehensive restrictions on the entry of Chinese citizens. The United States announced on 25th January that it would close its consulate in Wuhan and evacuate its personnel. On 2nd February, the United States closed its borders to all Chinese citizens and foreigners who visited China in the past 14 days. There were only 8 public cases in the United States that day. It was not until the beginning of March that the US government seriously recognised the danger and severity of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic in the United States. Jeffrey Sachs, director of the Center for Sustainability at Columbia University and a famous American economist, published a critical article criticising the US government’s unfounded and unreasonable logic about China’s pandemic on the epidemic situation and causing serious consequences. He believes that the US government’s view of China as the source of the US problem is the reappearance of McCarthyism, which is a big lie.
In response to Taiwan authorities claiming that Taiwan ’s epidemic prevention department had sent a “warning” of “human-to-human transmission of the COVID-19” to WHO at the end of December 2019 and WHO did not disclose this information to the world, On 4th May, WHO ’s health emergency Project leader Michael Ryan said that the e-mail sent to WHO on 31st December, 2019 was not a warning, but Taiwan merely asked WHO to provide more information on atypical pneumonia reported by the media.
Lie 11: China ’s data is opaque, with fewer diagnoses and fatalities, and the true number is at least 50 times higher.
Facts: China ’s data is completely open and transparent, and it can stand the test of history.
On 21st January, the Chinese National Health and Welfare Commission began to publish the epidemic situation one day before the official website and the new media platform for government affairs daily. Starting on 27th January, China has been organising a daily press conference of the Joint Defense and Joint Control Mechanism of the State Council to release key epidemic information and respond to hot issues at home and abroad. At the national level and during the epidemic situation in various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, more than 3,000 press conferences were held. Government officials, medical staff, experts and scholars, and patients who have recovered faced the media directly.
Based on its own epidemic data, China has comprehensively promoted the resumption of production in the wake of normalisation of epidemic prevention and restored normal economic and social order. After 76 days of “closing the city” in Wuhan, “unblocking” itself fully explained the problem. The lower confirmed and fatal cases in China are attributed to the timely, comprehensive, strictest and most thorough prevention and control measures taken by the Chinese government. According to the research report of the “Science” magazine, the above measures have reduced China’s infection by more than 700,000. The Chinese government has always put people first, and saving every life is the top priority by maximising the recovery rate and reducing the mortality rate. All suspected cases and close contacts have been quarantined. These measures have effectively cut off the chain of infection, preventing the further spread of the outbreak, and achieved an overall lower infection data. Hubei Province alone has cured more than 3,600 patients over 80 years of age, including 7 centenarians. WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom said in Geneva on the evening of 22nd January that China timely shared information on the epidemic situation of new coronavirus and took corresponding measures, showing a fairly high degree of transparency. In an interview with the US media in March, Dr Bruce Aylward, the head of the WHO expert group on China visits, said in response to the media’s questioning of China’s official data, he saw no signs of data manipulation.
On 3rd March, Dr Bruce Aylward, senior adviser to the WHO Director-General, said in an interview with US media VOX News that China had not concealed data. He talked with many hospitals and doctors, and by comparing different data sources, he could confirm that the Chinese data is credible.
American and British economists Christof Koch and Ken Okamura jointly published a paper on 28th April. By studying the epidemic data in China, Italy and the United States, the real-time reported epidemic figures in China and the United States and Italy were found to be distributed and published in accordance with Benford’s law, and there is no possibility of the epidemic figures being manipulated. Yale University professor Christakis, one of the authors of the paper “Population Mobility Promoting New Crown Viruses in China” published in “Nature” magazine, tweeted on 29th April that the results of the paper confirmed the report of the accuracy of the number of cases in China, because the information obtained from different sources (the movement of population shown by mobile communications) can well predict the number of cases and meet the epidemiological expectations.
Dr Gauden Galea, the WHO representative in China, stated on 5th May that from 3rd January, WHO and China would discuss issues such as the severity of the epidemic, the dynamics of transmission, the possibility of continuous interpersonal transmission, the clinical course, and the effectiveness of treatment, continuous technical communication and detailed notification to the international community in accordance with the provisions of the International Health Regulations.
LIE 12: The number of correct diagnoses and the number of fatalities in Wuhan City once again shows that China has covered up a large number of early cases.
FACTS: Wuhan ’s revised data conforms to internationally accepted practices, and it just proves that China is open, transparent and responsible. On 17th April, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the “Law of the People ’s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases”, “Emergency Regulations on Emergent Public Health Events”, “Regulations on the Implementation of the Statistical Law of the People ’s Republic of China” and “Regulations on the Registration and Management of Population Death Information (Trial)”, Wuhan City,a circular was issued to increase the number of confirmed cases by 325, and the cumulative number of confirmed cases was revised to 50333; to increase the number of confirmed cases by 1,290, the cumulative number of confirmed deaths to 3,869.
Based on the principles of being responsible for history, the people, and the deceased, Wuhan City insists on seeking truth from facts and proactively revises the relevant data for four reasons: First, the surge of patients in the early stage of the epidemic has led to a shortage of medical resources and serious inadequate treatment capacity. Many were not admitted to hospitals for treatment in time and died at home. The second is that during the peak period of the epidemic, the hospitals were overloaded and medical staff were exhausted. Objectively, there were late reports, missed reports and false positives. Third, due to the rapid increase of designated medical institutions for patients, there were ministries, provincial, municipal and district hospitals, as well as enterprises, private hospitals and makeshift hospitals who failed to report cases in real-time. Fourth, the registration of some death cases was incomplete, and there were cases of re-reporting and misreporting.
In order to ensure the accuracy of the revised data, Wuhan City established a special epidemic-related big data epidemiological investigation team to make full use of the city ’s epidemic prevention and control big data information system such as the city funeral information system, the city ’s new medical information system, The New Coronary Pneumonia Virus Nucleic Acid Detection System to perform online comparison, deduplication, completion of confirmed cases and deaths of New Coronary Pneumonia. Offline collection of all data related to epidemic locations was done according to full coverage and no omission requirements, including clinics , hospitals, shelters, isolation points, epidemic-affected communities, as well as prisons, pension institutions and other special places under the jurisdiction of public security, judicial, civil affairs and other departments. All personal information of all cases is gathered through medical institutions, street communities, police stations, the patient’s location and family members and they are checked meticulously to ensure that each case is accurate and each data is objective and true. Revised data statistics standards are internationally accepted practices. The British government began counting deaths outside the hospital on 29th April and corrected the number of deaths accordingly. The Spanish government issued a communiqué on 17th April , requiring all regions to unify accounting standards for reporting and will revise the published values.
Lie 13: China disseminates false news about the epidemic
Facts: China ’s information release is open and transparent, while some politicians, anti-Chinese scholars and the media in the United States wantonly discredited China. China is a victim of false information. The Chinese government has informed the international community of the epidemic situation in an open, transparent and responsible manner, shared prevention and control experience and launched international cooperation, which has been highly recognized by the international community. As of 8th May, President Xi Jinping attended the G20 Leaders ’Special Summit on New Coronary Pneumonia, and made 49 phone calls with leaders of 39 countries and heads of international organizations. Premier Li Keqiang and leaders of 11 countries and international organizations 13 conversations on the phone, and attended the ASEAN summit . China, Japan, and South Korea (10 + 3) held a special meeting of leaders in the fight against the COVID-19 epidemic. State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi has made 80 calls with foreign ministers of 48 countries and heads of international organisations. All parties highly appreciated China’s openness to share beneficial experience in epidemic prevention and control with the world, and affirm that China has made important contributions to international anti-epidemic cooperation.
On 27th April, the editor of “The Lancet” said in an interview with CNN Online that when China learned about the new coronavirus, it immediately notified WHO on 31st December, 2019. ‘We should thank the Chinese government and WHO because they have warned the international community as much as possible about the seriousness of this global pandemic.’ The 74th UN General Assembly Chairman said in Ethiopia at the 33rd AU Summit that the Chinese agency in the United Nations reported the details of the epidemic situation to the United Nations knowing the epidemic situation in China is conducive to multilateral cooperation to prevent the spread of the epidemic. On 20th April, an independent news website “Gray Zone” published an article exposing the entire process of the distribution of false information between American conservative journalists and the government: “Washington Post” reporter Josh Rogin repeatedly fabricated fake news. On the evening of the 15th, Republican Senator Tom Cotton published a conspiracy theory, saying that the Chinese government was responsible for all losses caused by the epidemic. On the 17th, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo “brought the conspiracy theory to the global stage” and asked China to allow experts to enter WIV for investigation.
Lie 14: The Chinese political system is the source of the problem.
Facts: The virus does not distinguish between ideology and social system. The Communist Party of China and the Chinese government have played a decisive and crucial role in leading the Chinese people to overcome the epidemic. China ’s political system has effectively organised and mobilised 1.4 billion people in China ’s vast territory of 9.6 million square kilometres, overcame the difficulties faced by developing countries, unites all forces, pools all resources, and provided a strong political guarantee to overcome the epidemic. Facts have proved that the social system and development path chosen by the Chinese people are in line with China’s national conditions, and the Communist Party of China has won firm and broad support from the people. China also has no intention of exporting its own political system. On 23rd January, Wuhan Epidemic Prevention and Control Command Centre announced the temporary closure of border in Wuhan. Two days later, China’s 30 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities initiated a first-level response. Since 24th January, more than 330 medical teams and 42,000 medical personnel have been sent to Hubei to join the fight against the epidemic. On 25th January, the three medical teams of the PLA flew to Wuhan from Shanghai, Chongqing and Xi’an overnight. Nineteen provinces across the country were supporting 16 cities and prefectures in addition to Wuhan in Hubei Province. The country’s key medical supplies and life support materials were constantly flowing to the front line of anti-epidemic.
China has gathered its manpower and material resources to build the 1000-bed Huoshenshan Hospital Hospital in 10 days and a 1600-bed Leishenshan Hospital in 15 days. It has built 16 makeshift hospitals at an average rate of one and a half days, providing more than 13,000 beds. China has put forward the principles of “four early actions” (early detection, early report, early isolation, early treatment) and “four centralisations” (concentrating patients, concentrating experts, concentrating resources, and concentrating treatment) at the early stage of the outbreak. More than 44,500 grass-roots party members, cadres and workers in Wuhan have worked together to build a strong defence against the epidemic. The nationwide implementation of the “social distance” approach has received positive response and strict implementation from the people, effectively reducing the spread of the epidemic. The international community highly praised China’s anti-epidemic measures. On 28th January, when WHO Director-General visited China and met with President Xi Jinping, he said that China ’s speed of action and scale were rare in the world. On 8th February, UN Secretary-General António Guterres praised at a news conference held at the headquarters of the African UN headquarters that China had made “great” efforts to curb the spread of new coronaviruses.
At the press conference of the China-WHO Joint Expert Panel on novel coronavirus on 24th February, WHO Senior Director-General Adviser Alward said that China has adopted the most ambitious, keen and strictest prevention and control ever.The measures changed the direction of the epidemic. The Chinese method is currently the only method that has proved to be successful. On 6th May, the Singapore polling agency “Blackbox Research” released a report, which conducted an online survey with 12,000 people from 23 economies around the world with Toluna, an international consumer survey agency. The survey used four key indicators (political leadership, corporate leadership, community, and media) to assess the satisfaction of local people with the government ’s anti-epidemic measures in each economy. The survey results show that China ’s overall score ranks first with 85 points, and 85% of mainland Chinese respondents believe that China will become stronger after the crisis.
Lie 15: China expelled American journalists to hide the epidemic
Fact: The Chinese measures are a countermeasure against the US side’s long-term suppression of Chinese media agencies in the US, especially the recent expulsion of 60 Chinese journalists. China releases information in a timely manner in an open, transparent and responsible manner. The US’s political suppression of Chinese media agencies in the United States is escalating. In December 2018, the US Department of Justice registered China International Television (CGTN) North America as a “foreign agent.” On 18th February, 2020, the U.S. State Department announced that five Chinese media agencies in the United States, including Xinhua News Agency, would be placed under the jurisdiction of “foreign missions.” The US side adopts a discriminatory policy on entry visas for Chinese journalists, and only allows Chinese journalists to enter the US for a single entry. Since 2018, more than 30 Chinese journalists have been indefinitely delayed or even refused to sign by the US. On 2nd March, 2020, the US State Department announced that from 13th March onwards, it would reduce 40% of the Chinese employees of the five Chinese media agencies in the United States listed as “foreign missions”, and actually expelled 60 Chinese media reporters in the United States.
Since the outbreak, China has maintained an open, transparent and responsible attitude, and publishes outbreak data on the Internet every day. Foreign journalists in China can attend the regular press conference organised by the Joint Defense and Joint Control Mechanism of the State Council, the Information Office of the State Council, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs every working day to ask questions about any issues related to the epidemic. Chinese state organs, local provinces and cities, experts and scholars have been interviewed by the media many times. A large number of foreign journalists stationed in China interviewed in Wuhan and published a large number of first-hand reports. The outside world’s access to China’s epidemic information has not been affected in any way. China always welcomes media and journalists from all countries to engage in reporting work in China according to law and regulations and will continue to provide convenience and assistance. China opposes ideological prejudice against China. It opposes the so-called press freedom to falsify fake news. It opposes acts that violate the professional ethics of journalism.
Lie 16: China controls the World Health Organization and uses money to manipulate WHO.
Facts: China firmly supports multilateralism. For a long time, China has maintained good communication and cooperation with WHO, but China has never manipulated WHO. As the largest source of funding for WHO, the United States suspended its financial support to WHO, which was unanimously opposed by the international community. WHO is a specialised agency of the United Nations responsible for public health and safety. It currently has 194 Member States. Of the 21-person WHO headquarters leadership team, 11 are from the United States, the European Union, Canada, and Australia, and only one Chinese member. They are all professionally trained or practising doctors, epidemiologists, rescuers and public health experts.
From 2018 to 2019, the amount of China’s contributions to the WHO ranked third, second only to the United States and Japan. According to official WHO information, membership fees currently account for less than a quarter of the organisation ’s funding sources, and the remaining funds come from voluntary donations. If these two sources of funds are integrated, China is the ninth-largest contributor. If enterprises and non-governmental organizations are included in the calculation, China ranks lower.
Lie 17: As early as 31st December, 2019, Taiwan issued a warning to WHO on the human-to-human transmission of the novel coronavirus, but it was not taken seriously.
Facts: Taiwan which is part of China did not issue a warning to WHO, but sought additional information from WHO after the Wuhan Health Commission issued an epidemic report. Wuhan City issued a circular on the outbreak of unexplained pneumonia on 31st December, 2019. Taiwan ’s health department sent a letter to the WHO International Health Regulations Focal Point to understand the information released by the Wuhan Health and Welfare Committee. The National Health and Welfare Committee contacted the window through the cross-strait medical and health cooperation agreement. A written reply was promptly given. On the same day, Taiwan’s health department sent a so-called “warning” email to WHO. The email did not mention “person-to-person” transmission but mainly to get more information from WHO. The mainland first released the information and the Taiwan health department merely corroborated the news.
The World Health Organization has repeatedly clarified that Taiwan did not “warn” it, but only expressed its wish to learn more. Long before the mail was sent from Taiwan, WHO had received a number of other requests for epidemic information notification. On 20th April, WHO again clarified this clearly at a press conference. The first case of novel coronavirus was detected in Taiwan on 21st January. Prior to this, Taiwan did not have information on clinical cases of the epidemic, and it was even more impossible to “draw conclusions from person to person transmission.”
Lie 18: China prevented Taiwan from joining the WHO and endangers the health of Taiwanese.
Facts: Taiwan has no right to participate in the WHO that only sovereign states can join. The channels of technical cooperation between Taiwan and WHO in China are always open. WHO is a specialised agency of the United Nations composed of sovereign states. Only members of the United Nations are eligible to join, and Taiwan as a part of China has no right to join. When China joined the International Health Regulations, it stated that the Regulations apply to the entire territory of the People’s Republic of China, including the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province.
According to the consensus reached between the Chinese government and WHO, the WHO International Health Regulations Contact Point has been established in Taiwan, China, with an account logged on to the WHO event information website, which can promptly obtain the global emergency released by WHO Information on public health events. There is no obstacle to the technical cooperation between Taiwan and China and WHO. From the beginning of 2019 to the beginning of May 2020, 16 groups of 24 experts from Taiwan participated in the technical conference organized by WHO. After the outbreak, the Chinese National Health and Health Commission promptly notified the Taiwan area of the outbreak information. As of 6th May, the mainland has notified the Taiwan side of the epidemic information 148 times. In mid-January, the mainland arranged for Taiwan experts to visit Wuhan for field visits to understand the diagnosis, treatment and epidemic situation of patients diagnosed with novel coronavirus.
Lie 19: China is responsible for the global pandemic of the novel coronavirus. China should be investigated and sued for claims.
Facts: There is no legal basis for demanding China to be responsible for the epidemic and compensation. In fact, it is a means used by some American politicians to shift the blame. The epidemic is a natural disaster, not a human disaster. Like other countries, China is a victim, not a perpetrator.
Outbreaks of large-scale epidemics are public health events in the world, and there is no such thing as the “national responsibility” of the so-called outbreak country. In the 1980s, AIDS was first discovered in the United States and spread to the whole world. The international community never asked the United States to bear compensation. The United States has no legal basis to request China to bear compensation for the epidemic. According to international law, the generation of state responsibility requires that the responsible state commits an act that violates international law and has a causal relationship with the loss of the injured state. China ’s anti-epidemic and anti-epidemic actions have not violated any international law, and there is no causal relationship with the losses that the United States may suffer due to large-scale outbreaks. The so-called US investigation into China is conducted on the basis that China is presumed guilty.
There is no bilateral treaty or agreement on public health and emergencies between China and the United States, so there is no breach of contract involving bilateral treaty obligations. Although according to the relevant provisions of the International Health Regulations, the contracting states are only obliged to notify WHO of the epidemic situation, China has promptly and continuously notified the United States. The United States was first informed of China’s epidemic information and has been continuously updated. In the face of the epidemic, China has always released information and notified WHO in an open, transparent and responsible manner, adopted the most comprehensive, rigorous and thorough measures, and seriously implemented the provisions of the International Health Regulations Duties and responsibilities. The so-called lawsuits in the United States are purely malicious indiscriminate claims, which not only have no factual basis, but also violate basic legal principles. According to the principle of sovereign equality in international law, sovereign actions taken by Chinese governments at all levels in the prevention and control of epidemics are not subject to the jurisdiction of the US courts. Such abuses are not conducive to epidemic prevention and control in the United States, and also run counter to the current international anti-epidemic cooperation.
On 4th May, the top academic journal “Nature” magazine published the article by the scientific research team of China, Britain and the United States. The study found through modelling that the three major non-pharmaceutical interventions used in China (intercity travel restrictions, early identification and isolation, exposure restrictions and social alienation) not only curbed the development of the novel coronavirus in China, but also won a big-time view for the world. The study pointed out that if a strong non-pharmaceutical intervention “combination boxing” is not implemented, the number of novel coronavirus cases in China may increase by 67 times to more than 7 million people.
Lie 20: China hoards protective materials, uses the epidemic situation to make huge profits, and increases the export inspection of epidemic prevention materials, restricting the export of materials, especially the export of ventilators, resulting in insufficient US material reserves.
Facts: Although China’s own epidemic prevention tasks are still arduous, China still provides anti-epidemic medical supplies to other countries within its capability. The Chinese government and private sector have provided or are providing many urgently needed medical supplies to more than 150 countries and international organisations. The Chinese side has also taken advantage of its production capacity and opened the medical supplies market and export channels in a timely manner.
According to statistics from the Ministry of Commerce, from 1st March to 6th May, China has exported epidemic prevention materials to 194 countries and regions through market-based procurement. Among them, 77 national and regional governments and 6 international organisations signed 216 batches of medical supplies commercial procurement contracts with me through official channels. 71 national and regional governments and 8 international organisations are conducting 128 batches of commercial procurement negotiations with its enterprises. According to statistics from the Chinese Customs, from 1st March to 30th April, the country’s total exports of major anti-epidemic materials were valued at 71.2 billion renminbi. These include 27.8 billion masks, 130 million protective clothing, 73.41 million new coronavirus detection kits, 12.57 million infrared thermometers, 49,100 ventilators, 124,000 patient monitors, 43.63 million pairs of protective gear for eyes, 854 million pairs of surgical gloves. According to China Customs statistics, from 1st March to 5th May, China provided more than 6.6 billion masks, 344 million pairs of surgical gloves, 44.09 million sets of protective clothing, 6.75 million pairs of goggles, and nearly 7500 ventilators to the United States. According to incomplete statistics, as of 6th May, China’s local provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities, relevant agencies and enterprises have donated more than 9.6 million masks, 500,000 boxes of testing reagents, and 305,900 pairs of medical supplies to 30 states and 55 cities in the United States. And other medical supplies such as gloves and 135,500 pairs of protective gear for eyes.
China has not restricted the export of medical materials. China issued the “Announcement on Further Strengthening the Quality Supervision of Epidemic Prevention Materials” and other policy measures, not to restrict exports, but to further strengthen the quality control of epidemic prevention materials and regulate the export order. China’s invasive ventilator has limited production capacity, some spare parts are from abroad and are in short supply, enterprises are negotiating with importers in a market-oriented manner, and the Chinese government has never restricted its exports.
Lie 21: China’s anti-epidemic foreign aid is a “political propaganda”.
Facts: China ’s foreign aid for the fight against epidemic disease is a pledge to support the country ’s fight against epidemic disease, and it is also a practical way to practice the concept of a community of human destiny. China widely shares prevention and control experience, provides medical protection materials to the outside world, and actively dispatches medical teams. As of early May, through the opening of an epidemic prevention and control online knowledge centre, the 7th edition of the diagnosis and treatment plan and the 6th edition of the prevention and control plan were published. It set up 2 billion renminbi of special funds for anti-epidemic co-operation, and held more than 120 video exchange meetings with more than 160 countries and international organisations. China also provided medical material assistance to more than 150 countries and international organisations, and sent 21 medical expert groups to 19 countries. China and Europe established a joint expert group, and China and South Korea established a joint defencce and joint control cooperation mechanism. China has also provided US$50 million cash donation to WHO. it has also been actively responding to the G20 “Deferred Debt Repayment Initiative for the Poorest Countries” and agreeing to postpone the debt repayment of principal and interest of 77 related developing countries due from 1st May to the end of this year. The international community generally appreciates China’s support and believes that China’s actions reflect the mutual help, and further highlights the importance of building a community of shared future for mankind.
Lie 22: China intervenes in the US election and finds ways to prevent Trump from being re-elected.
Facts: China has always adhered to the principle of non-interference in its internal affairs. It is because some politicians in the United States have attacked China as a campaign strategy.
China pursues an independent foreign policy of peace and always adheres to the principle of non-interference in other countries ’internal affairs. The US election is an internal US affair. China has no interest and has never intervened. The US “POLITICO” publication revealed that the Republican Senate National Committee sent a 57-page memo to the party members to encourage Republican candidates to respond to the crisis by actively attacking China. The memorandum outlines three main lines of attack: one is to criticise China for covering up the epidemic, the second is to accuse the Democratic Party ’s opponents of their weak stance on China, the third is to emphasise that they will be held accountable to China. The memorandum also stated that China will be the central issue of the 2020 US election. This shows that acccusing and attacking China has become the “whole government strategy” of the Republican election.
The truth: The Chinese approach aims to strengthen quality supervision. ◆ The production and supply of epidemic prevention products are related to the safety of people in countries and regions affected by the epidemic situation, and the quality must be strictly controlled. ◆ The Chinese government attaches great importance to the quality and safety of epidemic prevention materials. The relevant departments have stepped up joint remediation efforts and adopted a series of measures to strengthen the quality control of export epidemic prevention materials and regulate the export order. China severely cracked down on counterfeit, shoddy and untrustworthy violations in accordance with law, earnestly guaranteed the quality and safety of exported epidemic prevention materials, and better supported global epidemic prevention and control. ◆ The relevant measures have been effective since the implementation, and the international community has made positive comments. China does not and will not restrict the export of anti-epidemic materials. It is understood that China Customs has taken active measures to speed up customs clearance and further improve the level of convenience under the premise of ensuring the export quality of anti-epidemic materials.
Lie 23: China has recently requested that export enterprises such as export masks, test kits, ventilators, and other materials must provide a declaration to the customs, indicating that China indirectly prohibits the export of epidemic prevention supplies.
Facts: The production and supply of epidemic prevention products are related to the safety of people in countries and regions affected by the epidemic situation, and the quality must be strictly controlled. ◆The Chinese government attaches great importance to the quality and safety of epidemic prevention materials. The relevant departments have stepped up joint remediation efforts and adopted a series of measures to strengthen the quality control of export epidemic prevention materials and regulate the export order. China severely cracked down on counterfeit, shoddy and untrustworthy violations in accordance with law, earnestly guaranteed the quality and safety of exported epidemic prevention materials, and better supported global epidemic prevention and control. The relevant measures have been effective since the implementation, and the international community has made positive comments. China does not and will not restrict the export of anti-epidemic materials. It is understood that China Customs has taken active measures to speed up customs clearance and further improve the level of convenience under the premise of ensuring the export quality of anti-epidemic materials.
Lie 24: Guangdong, China, has adopted a “discriminatory” approach to African citizens.
Facts: China ’s prevention and control measures adhere to the same treatment between China and foreign countries, and adopt a zero-tolerance attitude towards discriminatory words and deeds. The Chinese side overcomes the difficulties and provides care and protection to all African personnel in China, especially international students. More than 3,000 foreign students in Hubei and Wuhan in Africa are safe except for one person who was infected and quickly cured. As of 13th April, Guangzhou has cumulatively reported 26 confirmed cases of imported foreigners, including 19 Africans. The Chinese side has strengthened prevention and control testing. The targets include Chinese citizens and all foreigners. They do not target specific nationalities and races. The purpose is to maintain health and safety and people ’s health. Regarding the lack of individual communication and misunderstandings in this process, the relevant departments maintain close communication with government officials of relevant African countries and deal with them quickly and properly. The head of the African countries consulate in Guangzhou said on 18th April that Guangdong Province and Guangzhou City have taken a number of measures to protect the legitimate rights and interests of African countries in Guangdong.
The chairman of the African Union Commission said on 13th April that African countries and China are both friends and comrades-in-law and are closely linked to each other’s fate. China will never adopt discriminatory practices. The envoys of some African countries in China stated that the friendship between Africa and China is profound and has withstood the test of ups and downs. No outside force can stop the development of friendly relations between Africa and China. According to the BBC ’s report on 17th April, a video shows a Kenyan couple being beaten on the streets of Wuhan due to discrimination.