18th May 2022 – (Hong Kong) A local survey shows that the prevalence of hypertension among Hong Kong citizens aged 15 to 84 is around 27.7%, and about half of them are unaware of their own condition.
The Department of Health urges the public to pay attention to and regularly measure their blood pressure levels, practise healthy living, and deal with non-communicable diseases such as hypertension. A spokesman for the Department of Health said that high blood pressure is rarely symptomatic, and many patients often discover that they have this “invisible” disease after complications develop. Therefore, adults should have their blood pressure checked at least once every one to two years.
Hypertension is defined as 140 mm of mercury or above and/or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm of mercury or above. High blood pressure can be prevented and treated. A healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet with reduced salt intake and more physical activities can reduce the risk of high blood pressure, the spokesman said.
In addition, maintaining a moderate weight and waist circumference, avoiding smoking and drinking, maintaining mental health and proper stress reduction, and getting enough sleep and rest can also help reduce the risk. If members of the public are diagnosed with hypertension, they should take medicines as instructed by their doctors. At the same time, they should understand the effects of the medicines and conduct regular follow-up visits to doctors for appropriate follow-up.